The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
The subspecialty which is the cytogenetics is also studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.