The process involving cutting, bending and assembling of metals into different shapes and sizes is called metal fabrication. Usually, it is in a fabrication and machine shop where this work is done and there are various tools and processes like forming and welding are being performed.
There are also some specialized metal fabrication methods that are performed, like brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, punching, casting, spinning, chipping and others. Electrical, prototyping, machine design and hydraulics are other forms of specialization which are of higher level.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. Different stages will be passed in metal fabrication and these are cutting and burning, forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
One use of metal fabrication is for the construction of different machines and structures. The popular materials that are used for metal fabrication are sheet metal and stainless steel, and these are used to manufacture several industrial and consumer products like loose parts, building structural frames and machines.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. For decorative purposes, they sometimes use gold, silver and platinum.
Sheet metal fabrication is also intended in the production of car bodies, airplane wings, building materials, and equipment for food processing and others.
The property of stainless steel is very strong, coming out from its varying amounts of elements like alloy of iron, chromium and other elements, thus it can resists corrosion and stain and has a very low need for maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.
Stainless steel has various grades and surface finishes depending on where you want it to be used, and these finishes are brushed finish, satin, mirror, and the coarse finish.
The very intensive process involving metal fabrication makes it an important component in the manufacturing of many industrial and consumer products. Among the main applications of metal fabrication, manufacturing makes use of the sheet metal fabrication and stainless steel fabrication that we can now use in our daily lives.
After the processes of cutting, joining and welding are executed on the metals during its fabrication, depending on your use and budget, you can have the metal powder coated or sandblasted for protection.